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She also won a Tony Award for her work in the Broadway musical version of Tovarich After completing her drama school education, Leigh appeared in small roles in four films in and progressed to the role of heroine in Fire Over England Lauded for her beauty, Leigh felt that her physical attributes sometimes prevented her from being taken seriously as an actress.
Despite her fame as a screen actress, Leigh was primarily a stage performer. Later in life, she performed as a character actress in a few films. At the time, the public strongly identified Leigh with her second husband Laurence Olivierwho was her spouse from to Leigh and Olivier starred together in many stage productions, with Olivier often directing, and in three films. She earned a reputation for being difficult to work with, and for much of her adult life she suffered from bipolar disorder as well as recurrent bouts of chronic tuberculosiswhich was first diagnosed in the mids and ultimately claimed her life at the age of Gertrude's parents, who lived in India, were Michael John Yackjee borna man of independent means, and Mary Teresa Robinson bornwho was born to an Irish family killed during the Indian Rebellion of and grew up in an orphanage, where she met Yackjee; they married in and had five children, of whom Gertrude was the youngest.
She attended A Connecticut Yankeeone of O'Sullivan's films playing in London's West Endand told her parents of her ambitions to become an actress. Leigh's friends suggested she take a small role as a schoolgirl in the film Things Are Looking Upwhich was her film debut, albeit uncredited as an extra. Broker free house leigh rejecting his many suggestions, she took "Vivian Leigh" as her professional name.
One such article was from the Daily Expressin which the interviewer noted "a lightning change came over her face", which was the first public mention of the rapid changes in mood which had become characteristic of her. In Leigh recalled her ambivalence towards her first experience of critical acclaim and sudden fame, commenting, "that some critics saw fit to be as foolish as to say that I was a great actress.
And I thought, that was a foolish, broker free house leigh thing to say, because it put such an onus and such a responsibility onto me, which I simply wasn't able to carry. And it took me years to learn enough to live up to what they said for those first notices. I remember the critic very broker free house leigh and have never forgiven him. Laurence Olivier saw Leigh in The Mask of Virtueand a friendship developed after he congratulated her on her performance.
Olivier and Leigh began an affair while acting as lovers in Fire Over Englandbut Olivier was still married to actress Jill Esmond. Selznickwho was planning a film version. Lejeune recalled a conversation of the same period in which Leigh "stunned us all" with the assertion that Olivier "won't play Rhett Butlerbut I shall play Scarlett O'Hara. Without apparent provocation, she began screaming at him before suddenly becoming silent and staring into space. She was able to perform without mishap, and by the following day she had returned to normal with no recollection of the event.
It was the first time Olivier witnessed such behaviour from her. During production, she developed a reputation for being difficult and unreasonable, partly because she disliked her secondary role but mainly because her petulant antics seemed to be paying dividends.
Martin's Lanewith Charles Laughton. Olivier had been attempting to broaden his film career. He was not well known in the United States despite his success in Britain, and earlier attempts to introduce him to American audiences had failed. Goldwyn and the film's director, William Wyleroffered Leigh the secondary role of Isabella, but broker free house leigh refused, preferring the role of Cathy, which went to Merle Oberon. Hollywood was in the midst of a widely publicized search to find an actress to portray Scarlett O'Hara in David O.
Selznick's production of Gone with the Wind Selznick watched her performances that month in Fire Over England and A Yank at Oxford and thought that she was excellent but in no way a possible Scarlett because she was "too British". Leigh travelled to Los Angeles, however, to broker free house leigh with Olivier and to try to convince David Selznick that she was the person for the part.
Myron Selznick also represented Olivier and when he met Leigh, he felt that she possessed the qualities that his brother was searching for. Not for anyone's ear but your own: She secured the role of Scarlett soon after. Filming broker free house leigh difficult for Leigh. Cukor was dismissed and replaced by Victor Flemingwith whom Leigh frequently quarrelled.
She and Olivia broker free house leigh Havilland secretly met with Cukor at night and at weekends for his advice about how they should play their parts. Hate, hate, and never want to do another film again!
Quoted in a biography of Olivier, Olivia de Havilland defended Leigh against claims of her manic behaviour during the filming of Gone with the Wind: She had two great concerns: Actresses go on for a long time and there are always marvellous parts to play. In Broker free house leighJill Esmond agreed to divorce Laurence Olivier, and Leigh Holman agreed to divorce Vivien, although they maintained a strong friendship for the rest of Leigh's life.
Esmond was granted custody of Tarquin, her son with Olivier. Holman was granted custody of Suzanne, his daughter with Leigh. After viewing Leigh's screen test, David Broker free house leigh noted that "she doesn't seem right as to sincerity or age or innocence", a view shared by Hitchcock and Leigh's broker free house leigh, George Cukor. Selznick observed that she had shown no enthusiasm for the part until Olivier had been confirmed as the lead actor, broker free house leigh he cast Joan Fontaine.
He refused to allow her to join Olivier in Pride and Prejudiceand Greer Garson played the role Leigh had wanted for herself.
The Oliviers mounted a stage production of Romeo and Juliet for Broadway. The New York press publicised the adulterous nature of the beginning of Olivier and Leigh's relationship and questioned their ethics in not returning to the UK to help with the war effort. Critics were hostile broker free house leigh their assessment of Romeo and Juliet.
Olivier are handsome young people, they hardly act their parts at all. With the United States not yet having entered the war, it was one of several Hollywood films made with the aim of arousing a pro-British sentiment among Broker free house leigh audiences. Roosevelt and, on its conclusion, addressed the group, saying, "Gentlemen, I thought this film would interest you, showing great events similar to those in which you have just been taking part.
The Oliviers returned to Britain in March and Leigh toured through North Africa that same year as part of a revue for the armed forces stationed in the region. Leigh was filming Caesar and Cleopatra when she discovered she was pregnant, then had a miscarriage. With her doctor's approval, Leigh was well enough to resume acting instarring in a successful London production of Thornton Wilder 's The Skin of Our Teeth ; but her films of this period, Caesar and Cleopatra and Broker free house leigh Kareninawere not great commercial successes.
All British films in this period were adversely affected by a Hollywood boycott of British films. In Broker free house leigh was knighted and Leigh accompanied him to Buckingham Palace for the investiture. She became Lady Olivier. By Olivier was on the board of directors for the Old Vic Theatre, and he and Leigh embarked on a six-month tour of Australia and New Zealand to raise broker free house leigh for the theatre.
The tour was an outstanding success and, although Leigh was broker free house leigh with insomnia and allowed her understudy to replace her for a week while she was ill, she generally withstood the demands placed upon her, with Olivier noting her ability to "charm the press". Members of the company later recalled several quarrels between the couple as Olivier was increasingly broker free house leigh of the demands placed on him during the tour.
An exhausted and broker free house leigh Olivier screamed an obscenity at her and slapped her face, and a devastated Leigh slapped him in return, dismayed that he would hit her publicly.
Subsequently, she made her way to the stage in borrowed pumps, and in seconds, had "dried her tears and smiled brightly onstage". Olivier told a journalist, "You may not know it, but you are talking to a couple of walking corpses. The success of the tour encouraged the Binary options scam rip off scams complaints and testimonials to make their first Broker free house leigh End appearance together, performing the same works with one addition, Antigoneincluded at Leigh's insistence because she wished to play a role in a tragedy.
Nevertheless, she believed strongly in the importance of the work. Priestley denounced the play and Leigh's performance; and the critic Kenneth Tynanwho was to make broker free house leigh habit of dismissing her stage performances,  commented broker free house leigh Leigh was badly miscast because British actors were "too well-bred to emote effectively on stage".
Olivier and Leigh were chagrined that part of the commercial success of the play lay in audience members attending to see what they believed would be a salacious story, rather than the Greek tragedy that they broker free house leigh. After performances, Leigh finished her run, and she was soon assigned to reprise her role as Blanche DuBois in the film version of the play.
She'd have crawled over broken glass if she thought it would help her performance. Now she's in command broker free house leigh me. Leigh herself had mixed feelings broker free house leigh her association with the character; in later years, she said that playing Blanche DuBois "tipped me over into madness". Shortly after filming commenced, she had a nervous breakdown and Paramount Pictures replaced her with Elizabeth Taylor.
As a result of this episode, many of the Oliviers' friends learned of her problems. David Niven said she had been "quite, quite mad". John Gielgud directed Twelfth Night and wrote, " He dares too confidently Several weeks later, she miscarried and entered a period of depression that lasted for months. After their return to London, her former husband, Leigh Holman, who could still exert a strong influence on her, stayed with the Oliviers and helped calm her. Inconsidering her marriage to be over, Leigh began a relationship with actor Jack Merivalewho knew of Leigh's medical condition and assured Olivier that he would care for her.
In she and Olivier divorced and Broker free house leigh soon married actress Joan Plowright. Merivale proved to be a stabilising influence for Leigh, but despite her apparent contentment, she was quoted by Radie Harris as confiding that she "would rather have lived a short life with Larry [Olivier] than face a long one without him".
Merivale joined her for a tour of AustraliaNew Zealand and Latin America that lasted from July until Mayand Leigh enjoyed positive reviews without sharing the spotlight with Olivier.
She also appeared in the films The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone and Ship of Fools Leigh's last screen appearance in Broker free house leigh of Fools was both a triumph and emblematic of her illnesses that were taking root. Producer and director Stanley Kramer, who ended up with the film, broker free house leigh to star Leigh but was initially unaware of her fragile mental and physical state.
On the night of 7 July broker free house leigh, Merivale left her as usual at their Eaton Square flat to perform in a play, and he returned home just before midnight to find her asleep. About 30 minutes later by now 8 Julyhe entered the bedroom and discovered her body on the floor. She had been attempting to walk to the bathroom and, as her lungs filled with liquid, she collapsed and suffocated. Olivier paid his respects, and "stood and prayed for forgiveness for all broker free house leigh evils that had sprung up between us",  before helping Merivale make funeral arrangements; Olivier stayed until her body was removed from the broker free house leigh.
Her death was publicly announced on 8 July, and the lights of every theatre in central London were extinguished for an hour. Mary's Church, Cadogan StreetLondon. Her funeral was attended by the luminaries of British stage and screen. Leigh was considered to be one of the most beautiful actresses of her day, and her directors emphasised this in most of her films.
When asked if she believed her beauty had been an impediment to being taken seriously as an actress, she said, "People think that if you look fairly reasonable, you can't possibly act, and as I only care about acting, I think beauty can be a great handicap, if you really want to look like the part you're playing, which isn't necessarily like you.